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Understanding and Addressing Perceived Low Milk Supply in Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is a natural and rewarding experience, but it can come with challenges. One common concern among breastfeeding mothers is the fear of not producing enough milk, known as perceived low milk supply. This perception can lead to unnecessary stress and may even result in early weaning. Understanding the causes of perceived low milk supply and how to address them can help mothers feel more confident and successful in their breastfeeding journey.

What is Perceived Low Milk Supply?

Perceived low milk supply occurs when a mother believes she is not producing enough milk for her baby, even though she is. This belief often arises from misinterpreting normal baby behaviours or receiving inaccurate advice. It’s crucial to differentiate between perceived low milk supply and actual low milk supply, a genuine condition where milk production is insufficient to meet the baby’s needs.

Common Causes of Perceived Low Milk Supply

  1. Normal Infant Behaviour
    • Frequent Feeding: Newborns often feed every 1-3 hours, which can make mothers think their milk supply is insufficient. However, frequent feeding is normal and helps stimulate milk production.
    • Cluster Feeding: Babies may have periods of cluster feeding, where they nurse more frequently than usual. This is often a sign of growth spurts and does not indicate a low milk supply.
    • Fussiness and Crying: Babies cry for various reasons, not just hunger. Fussiness can be due to discomfort, tiredness (when their sympathetic nervous system is dialing up and they become dysregulated), or the need for closeness (sometimes all of the above!)
  2. Misinterpreting Physical Signs
    • Breast Softness: As breastfeeding is established, breasts may feel softer and less full. This is a sign that milk production has regulated, not that there is less milk.
    • Lack of Leaking or Engorgement: Not all mothers experience leaking or engorgement. The absence of these signs does not mean a low milk supply.
    • No Sensation of Let-Down: Some mothers may not feel the let-down reflex, but it does not indicate a problem with milk production.
  3. Feeding Practices
    • Scheduled Feeding: Adhering to strict feeding schedules can interfere with milk supply. Responsive feeding, or feeding on demand, helps ensure adequate milk production.
    • Supplementing with Formula: Introducing formula can reduce the baby’s demand for breast milk, leading to a real decrease in milk supply over time.
  4. Socio-Cultural Influences
    • Family and Friends: Well-meaning family members or friends may unintentionally undermine a mother’s confidence by suggesting the baby needs formula.
    • Media and Myths: Misinformation from media and common myths about breastfeeding can also contribute to doubts about milk supply.

Addressing Perceived Low Milk Supply

  1. Educate Yourself
    • Learn about normal breastfeeding behaviours and infant cues. Understanding what is typical can alleviate unnecessary concerns.
    • Seek reliable information from reputable sources such as lactation consultants, healthcare providers, and breastfeeding support organisations.
  2. Monitor Baby’s Growth and Output
    • Keep track of your baby’s weight gain and output. Regular weight gain and a sufficient number of wet and dirty diapers are good indicators that your baby is getting enough milk.
  3. Practice Responsive Feeding
    • Feed your baby whenever they show signs of hunger. Responsive feeding helps maintain milk supply and meets your baby’s needs.
  4. Ensure Effective Latch and Positioning
    • An effective latch is crucial for efficient milk transfer. Seek help from a lactation consultant to ensure your baby is latching correctly.
  5. Avoid Unnecessary Supplementation
    • Unless medically necessary, avoid supplementing with formula. Exclusive breastfeeding helps establish and maintain milk supply.
  6. Seek Support
    • Join breastfeeding support groups where you can share experiences and get encouragement from other breastfeeding mothers.
    • Consult with a lactation consultant if you have concerns about your milk supply (sooner rather than later).


Perceived low milk supply is a common concern among breastfeeding mothers, but it is often based on misunderstandings of normal baby behaviours and breastfeeding dynamics. By educating yourself, practicing responsive feeding, and seeking support, you can overcome these fears and confidently continue your breastfeeding journey. Remember, your body is designed to nourish your baby, and with the right knowledge and support, you can provide the best possible start for your child’s health and well-being.

Mindful Mum provides Lactation Consultations – Home visits and Clinic Appointments in Sydney and Wollongong.

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